Date: 20-09-2019 Digital Publication Services : OSREL | JABM | JAM | ABMR | ABMCS

International Journals

Journal Detail

Creative Accounting Leading to Financial Scams-Evidences from India and USA

ID : 2-222-1, ISSN : 0216-423X , PUB: Vol 22 ISSUE 2, Oktober, 2015

Abstract

Creative accounting is practically using the flexibility provided within the accounting principles or accounting standards to manage recognition, measurement and presentation of different accounting figures to serve the purpose of those who prepare the accounts rather than those who are likely to use the accounts. Application of creative accounting skills beyond a certain limit leads to financial scam. In the recent past just before Satyam scam was unearthed Satyamís employee roll revealed that around 50,000 people were employed in Satyam and US GAAP statement of Satyam as on 31st March, 2008 disclosed a bank deposit of Rs. 3,400 crores. It raises an eyebrow on the role of statutory auditor Price Waterhouse Corporation (PWC). What as an auditor they were doing? Why didnít they verify the balance with the banker? Accounting scandal of Enron was revealed in October 2001 leading to the bankruptcy of Enron Corporation and dissolution of one of the auditors of Enron namely Arther Andersen. Story of Enron scam is not only the biggest scam in the corporate world of USA but also a biggest question mark on the accounting and auditing regulation in the country like America. Despite of the facts that both of these companies were considered to be good at corporate governance still their owners i.e. promoters/directors self-centered greed led to financial scam. This shows that good governance is only an ornament to cover the ugly face of dirty financial statements.

 

Keyword: creative accounting, window dressing, earning management, financial scam

Author: Dhanesh Kumar Khatri